Learn About CO2
Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless, non-flammable, slightly acidic-tasting gas. It is approximately 1.5 times as dense as air and is soluble in water. One gram of liquid carbon dioxide yields 30.5 in3 of gas at standard temperature and pressure (STP). The specific volume is 8.74 ft3/lb at STP. The specific gravity is 1.522 at STP. The molecular weight is 44.0. Gas density (15° C and 100kPa) equals 1.85 kg/m3 (g/l).
Commercial operations collect carbon dioxide from furnace or kiln gases, fermentation processes (Beer!), reaction of carbonates with acids and reaction with steam and natural gas. The carbon dioxide obtained is purified through dissolution in a concentration of alkali carbonate. Heating is required with steam to evolve and then compressed to a liquid at 900 PSI in the highest quality steel cylinders.
As the liquid CO2 is ejected from the cartridge, it 'boils' and changes phase into its gaseous state. As more and more liquid boils down, the vapor pressure remains constant until the liquid is boiled off. After this time, the vapor pressure drops precipitously until all the gas is discharged from the cylinder.
Generally, during actuation of CO2 gas delivery systems, if the gas is discharged with the cylinder in the 'up' position, only gas is dispelled from the cartridge. However, if the gas is discharged with the cylinder in the 'down' position, and with gravity affecting the liquid CO2, along with the gas being dispelled, some liquid CO2 is also ejected. This liquid CO2 instantly turns to dry ice, sublimating quickly into a gaseous state. This property of actuation is useful in some applications where increased gas pressure is desired.
Portable pressurized CO2 gas is remarkably versatile. It is environmentally safe and economical.
Facts About CO2
IS CO2 SAFE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT? YES!
It’s as safe as opening a soda bottle. A 12 gram CO2 cylinder has the same amount of CO2 found in a one liter bottle of soda.
IS CO2 SAFE TO USE? YES!
Consumer products such as beverage carbonation, fire extinguishers, life jackets, soda siphons, and tire inflators have used CO2 safely for many years. Genuine Innovations CO2 cylinders are tested to ensure safety.
WHY USE CO2 INSTEAD OF JUST AIR?
Genuine Innovations CO2 cylinders are quick and easy to use and extremely small. This makes them ideal for a powerful inflation solution.
WHY SHOULD I ONLY USE GENUINE INNOVATIONS CO2 CARTRIDGES?
Our Patent Pending cartridges are the ONLY 16 gram cartridges that work in Genuine Innovations inflators as well our competitor’s inflators.
Our CO2 cartridges are available at thousands of bicycle and motorsport shops as well as industry catalogs throughout the world. Our competitors use European standard “Beer” cartridges that are not widely available and won't work with Genuine Innovations inflators.
Genuine Innovations CO2 cartridges are tested to the highest standards for safety and reliability and contain pure food grade CO2. That means no oils or contaminants, which can harm or damage the inflator and decrease effectiveness of the device.
Our inflators and CO2 cartridges come with a Limited Lifetime Warranty. Using another brand of CO2 will void your warranty. Our competitors cartridges vary widely in dimensions and specifications which can damage your inflator.